Attractions of Budapest

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2015. november 16.
Culture of Hungary

The Music of Hungary consists mainly of traditional Hungarian folk music and music by prominent composers such as Franz Liszt, Béla Bartók and Zoltán Kodály. Hungarian traditional music tends to have a strong dactylic rhythm, just as the language is invariably stressed on the first syllable of each word.

Hungarian cuisine is also a prominent feature of Hungarian culture, with traditional dishes such as goulash (gulyás or gulyásleves) a main feature of the Hungarian diet. Dishes are often flavoured with paprika. Stews are often to be found with typical elements such as pork or beef, for example as used in pörkölt.

Hungary is famous for its excellent mathematics education which has trained numerous outstanding scientists. Famous Hungarian mathematicians include Paul Erdős who is famous for publishing in over forty languages and whose Erdős numbers are still tracked, János (John) Bolyai designer of non-Euclidian geometry or "absolute geometry" in 1831, John von Neumann one of the pioneers in digital computing, Eugene Wigner, and many others. Erdős, von Neumann, and Wigner, like other Hungarian Jewish scientists, fled rising anti-Semitism in Europe, and made their most famous contributions in the United States.

Hungarians are very proud of their inventions. These include the noiseless match (from János Irínyi), Rubik's cube, the krypton electric bulb [from Imre Bródy (1891-1944)],[2] and the aforementioned non-Euclidian geometry. A number of other important inventions, including holography, the ballpoint pen(invented by Bíró, who gave his name to the invention), the theory of the hydrogen bomb, and the BASIC programming language, were invented by Hungarians who fled the country prior to World War II.

Hungarian literature has recently gained some renown outside the borders of Hungary (mostly through translations into German, French and English). Some modern Hungarian authors became increasingly popular in Germany and Italy especially Sándor Márai, Péter Esterházy, Péter Nádas and Imre Kertész. The latter is a contemporary Jewish writer who survived the Holocaust and won the Nobel Prize for literature in 2002.

The older classics of Hungarian literature and Hungarian poetry remained almost totally unknown outside Hungary. János Arany, a famous 19th century Hungarian poet is still much loved in Hungary (especially his collection of Ballads), among several other "true classics" like Sándor Petőfi, the poet of the Revolution of 1848, Endre Ady, Mihály Babits, Dezső Kosztolányi, Attila József and János Pilinszky. Other well-known Hungarian authors are Zsigmond Móricz, Gyula Illyés, Albert Wass and Magda Szabó.

Hungarians are also known for their prowess at water sports, mainly swimming, water polo and canoeing; this can be said to be surprising at first, due to Hungary being landlocked. On the other hand, the presence of two major rivers (the Duna and the Tisza) and a major lake (Balaton) give excellent opportunities to practice those sports.

You can learn a lot of from hungarian culture if you go to a video guided tour. After a long and exciting tuor you can rest in a studio of Budapest.

2015. augusztus 8.
Politics

The President of the Republic, elected by the parliament every 5 years, has a largely ceremonial role, but powers also include appointing the prime minister and choosing the dates of the parlamentary elections. The prime minister selects cabinet ministers and has the exclusive right to dismiss them. Each cabinet nominee appears before one or more parliamentary committees in consultative open hearings and must be formally approved by the president.
The unicameral, 386-member National Assembly (the Országgyűlés) is the highest organ of state authority and initiates and approves legislation sponsored by the prime minister. National parliamentary elections are held every 4 years (the next will be held on April 9th 2006). An 11-member Constitutional Court has power to challenge legislation on grounds of unconstitutionality. We highly recommend for tourist to visit the parliament with a budapest guide, it's amazing.

2013. március 28.
Gellert Hill in Budapest


On the Buda side of Budapest at south-east of the Castle there is the Gellert Hill, an elevation of 235 meters of rock crowned by a fortress and a monument of freedom, erected in 1947 to commemorate the liberation of Budapest by Soviet troops, the official symbol of the city. The hill takes this name in honor of St. Gellert, missionary bishop who arrived in Hungary invited by King Stephen I around 1000, with the mission of ​​helping the Hungarians to convert to Christianity. From the hill you will able to see all the most important Budapest sights! The hill offers a magnificent view of the Royal Palace, the Danube with all the bridges and of the Hungarian Parliament.

 

2013. március 15.
Hungarian History

The city of Buda in the Nuremberg Chronicle (1493)If there since the Paleolithic human settlements in the vicinity of the present city of Budapest history dates back to the Roman city of Aquincum, founded around 89 on the site of an ancient Celts Eravi camp, where narrowing facilitates crossing the Danube and close to what was to become Óbuda. 106 until the end of the fourth century, the city was the capital of the province of Lower Pannonia (Pannonia in Latin) before falling into the hands of the Huns and Attila, and their successors, the Goths and Lombards . Around the year 600, and for three centuries, the region is dominated by the Avars.From the Urals, the ancestors of the Hungarians, the Magyars, led by Prince Árpád dynasty whose reign until the thirteenth century, reached the Carpathian Basin in 896 and come to populate the area of ​​Óbuda. The Hungarian nation was founded a century later, in 1000, with the crowning of its first king, Stephen I, who converted to Catholicism and was canonized under the name of St. Stephen. Despite the almost total destruction of the city, after a Mongol invasion in 1241, Béla IV breaks the Árpád dynasty that had ruled their kingdom from other cities, and the capital moved to Buda in 1247 where he build a castle. The city is beginning to really grow with the arrival on the throne of the Angevin princes. After moving the royal residence in Visegrad in 1308, the city became the capital in 1361. Sigismund of Luxembourg introduced the Gothic style in Buda where, like the summer palace of Visegrád, the Royal Palace underwent a major reconstruction. The town reached its heyday in the fifteenth century during the reign of Matthias Corvinus, whose wife Beatrice of Naples, is one of Hungary's active foci of the Renaissance. Seat of Parliament from 1298, Pest, on the other side of the river, says his vocation shopping.

Austrian siege of Buda (1686)After the defeat at Mohács, the conquest of much of the country in the sixteenth century by the Ottoman Empire broke the momentum of the two cities for nearly 150 years. In 1526, Pest fell to the invaders from the south. Buda, defended by its castle, suffered the same fate 15 years later. While Buda became the seat of a Turkish governor, Pest is abandoned by most of its inhabitants during its conquest in 1686 by the imperial army led by Charles V of Lorraine. The Habsburgs remained kings of Hungary since 1526, despite the loss of most of the country.

The laying of the foundation stone of bridge chains (Széchenyi Lánchíd) in 1842 symbolizes the unification of the two banks of the Danube(it is one of the most famoushungarian trip spectacle). During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, despite the Great Fire of 1723 and a devastating flood in 1838 which caused 70,000 deaths, Pest experiencing strong growth through trade very actifNote 1, overwhelmingly contributing to the growth of the three combined cities. The University of Nagyszombat (now Loránd Eötvös University), transferred to Buda to Pest in 1777 and in 1784, played an important role in the development of the two cities. Reconstruction of Buda, Pest and Óbuda really starts until the second half of the eighteenth century, the Empress Maria Theresa and the Archduke Joseph (governor of the emperor), contribute to the modernization, but the slowness of reforms causes a nationalist uprising in 1848. The merger of the three cities under a common administration takes effect the first time in 1849, the year of the opening of the Széchenyi Lánchíd, under the leadership of the revolutionary government, before being withdrawn following the reconstitution of the authority of Habsburgs. Francois-Joseph I crushed the revolt, but was forced in 1867 to sign an agreement allowing Hungary to form their own government. The merger of the three cities is definitely endorsed in 1873 by the autonomous Hungarian royal government resulting from compromises and even gave birth to a real capital by bringing Buda, Pest and Óbuda.In 1900, the population exceeds that of Pest, Buda and Óbuda together. During the following century, the population of Pest is multiplied by twenty, while those of Buda and Óbuda are quintuplets. The total population of the united capital has increased sevenfold over the period 1840-1900, reaching 730,000 people.

Arrest of Jews in Budapest in October 1944.During the twentieth century, most of the country's industries from concentrate in the city, the population growth continues, mainly affecting the city. Thus, the population of Újpest is more than doubled over the period 1890-1910, and that of Kispest is quintupled between 1900 and 1920. Related casualties in the First World War and the loss of over two-thirds of the territory of the former kingdom in 1920, causing a temporary condition: Budapest is the capital of a state certainly smaller but now sovereign . In 1930, the city has a million inhabitants, more than 400 000 in urban areas.The desire to regain the lost territories pushes Hungary to support Nazi Germany. During the Second World War, the Jews in the ghetto of Budapest. About a third of the 250 000 Jews of Budapest died as a result of Nazi genocide perpetrated during the German occupation of 1944. Between December 1944 and late January 1945 in nightly forays militiamen Arrow Cross Party arrest Jews in the ghetto and the Hungarian army deserters or political enemies, run along the banks of the Danube and lay the body in the river. A commemorative plaque was laid 16 April 2005 on the river where shoes belonging to victims blossom.

Coat of arms of the Republic of Hungary adorning the arches of the Széchenyi Lánchíd (and of course it is a big Hungary tourism central) during the communist era. Hungarian National MuseumIn 1944, Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg saved at least 10,000 Hungarian Jews.Nevertheless, Budapest is the European capital that the ratio of Jewish citizens per capita higher [ref. needed].Budapest suffered severe damage in 1945 when he was released by the Red Army who took the opportunity to install a communist government. At the end of the war, the old town was rebuilt stone by stone. Budapest was almost entirely destroyed by bombing 74% of homes and 97% of plants had been destroyed. On 1 January 1950, the Budapest agglomeration is undergoing significant development: new districts are created from neighboring towns. During 1950 and 1960, the city is recovering from the Soviet siege in 1944, becoming, within certain limits, a showcase of pragmatic politics practiced by the communist government of the country (1947-1989). Democratization is stopped by the uprising in Budapest in 1956 and the military intervention of the Soviet Union, according to official figures published by the government after the fall of communism, has 20,000 victims among the civilian population, and resulted the exile of 160,000 Hungarian citizens [ref. needed].From the 1980s, Budapest, as the whole country is experiencing a growing emigration coupled with a natural decline of its population [ref. needed].In 1989, after repeated protests, the Communist regime fell, giving way to a parliamentary democracy.

2013. január 24.
A Two-Hour Walk Around Margaret Island

Historically inaccessible in the middle of the Danube, Margaret Island was a retreat for religious contemplation from at least the 11th century onwards. Relics of the island’s past include the remains of two monastic churches and also the ruins of the convent home of Princess Margit, daughter of King Béla IV, who gave the island its name. Opened to the public in 1869, Margaret Island is today Budapest’s most beautiful park, a carfree haven of greenery in the midbdle of the city and the ideal location for a peaceful stroll. On the western shore, the Palatinus Strand bathing complex makes use of the mineral-rich hot springs rising on the island.

 

Centenary Monument to Palatinus Strand The walk begins amid the peace and greenery of the southern tip of Margaret Island. Proceeding to the north, the first landmark is the Centenary Monument 1(see p62), which stands in front of a sizable fountain. Designed by István Kiss, the monument was made in 1973, to commemorate the centenary of the unification of the towns of Buda, Óbuda and Pest. At night the fountain is dramatically illuminated. You can also rent fourwheel family bikes here called Bringóhintó. Taking a left turn ahead, the Hajós Olympic Pool Complex is soon reached. Built in 1930, the complex was designed by the multi-talented Alfréd Hajós. He won gold medals in swimming Ruins of the 14th-century Franciscan Church 3 events in the 1896 Olympic Games and was also a member of the Hungarian football team. Continuing northwards, there is a rose garden to the right before the ruins of the early 14th-century Franciscan Church 3 come into view. Constructed in the Gothic style of the time, the church was originally attached to a monastery. Visible in the west wall is the doorway which once led to the organ loft, as well as a spiral staircase and fine arched window. Further on is the busy Palatinus Strand 4 In front of the entrance to its pools stands a statue by French sculptor Emile Guilleaume.

2012. július 13.
Banska Bystrica and Brno

The Banská Bystrica Region (Slovak:Banskobystrický kraj) is one of the Slovak regions in the country of Slovakia in Europe. The region is located in the central part of Slovakia and its capital city is Banská Bystrica. The area of the region is 9,455 km² and its population is 662,121 (2001); it is the most sparsely populated of the eight Slovak regions. Its worth a visit when you on a Budapest-Krakow transfer.


Brno is located in the southeast part of the country, at the confluence of the Svitava and Svratka rivers. The city is a political and a cultural hub of the South Moravian Region (population est. 1,130,000 for the whole region). At the same time, it represents the centre of the province of Moravia, one of the historic lands of the Czech Crown. It is situated at the crossroads of ancient trade routes which have joined the North and South European civilizations for centuries. Thanks to its location between the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands and the Southern Moravian lowlands, Brno enjoys a very pleasant and moderate climate. ou must visit this beautiful city, when you on a Budapest-Prague transfer.

2011. november 10.
The most interesting attractions in Budapest

The most interesting attractions in Budapest, that you have to visit! Buda - Gellért-hegy, Budai vár: Királyi Palota, Várnegyed, Szentháromság tér, Halászbástya, Mátyás templom, Mária Magdolna torony, Barlangrendszer Buda és Pest között - Budapest legszebb hídjai , Margitsziget Pest - Belváros, Szent István Bazilika, Budapest Bratislava Parlament, Nagyvásárcsarnok, Zsinagóga, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum, Magyar Állami Operaház, Pesti Broadway, Zeneakadémia, Hősök tere, Fővárosi Állat- és Növénykert, Vidámpark, Vajdahunyad vára, Nyugati Pályaudvar

2011. június 27.
Hunria turismo

O Parlamento neo-gótico, contendo entre outras coisas, as jóias da coroa húngara. Basílica de São Estêvão, onde a Mão-Santa direito do fundador da Hungria, o Rei Santo Estêvão está em exibição. A cozinha húngara e cultura do café: por exemplo, Gerbeaud Café, e dos Cem Anos, Biarritz, Fortuna, Alabardos, Golden Stag, Karpatia eo mundo Restaurantes Pince famosa Mátyás. ruínas romanas do Museu Aquincum e mobiliário histórico no Castelo Nagytétény Museum, apenas 2 de 223 museus em Budapeste.

A Colina do Castelo, os aterros do Rio Danúbio e toda a Andrássy út foram oficialmente reconhecidos como Património Mundial da UNESCO.

Castle Hill eo Bairro do Castelo, há três igrejas aqui, seis museus, e uma série de interessantes edifícios, ruas e praças. O antigo Palácio Real é um dos símbolos da Hungria - e tem sido palco de batalhas e guerras desde o século 13. Hoje abriga dois museus impressionantes ea Biblioteca Nacional Széchenyi. O Palácio Sándor nas proximidades contém os escritórios e residência oficial do Presidente da Hungria. O 7-100 anos Matthias Igreja é uma das jóias de Budapeste. Próximo a ele é uma estátua equestre do primeiro rei da Hungria, o Rei Santo Estêvão, e por trás pode prejudicar Bastião dos Pescadores, de onde, abre-se uma vista panorâmica de toda a cidade. Estátuas da Turul, o pássaro guardião Mythical da Hungria, pode ser encontrado na zona do Castelo e ambos do Distrito de Reis.

2011. január 27.
Floating Bus

Until now you could choose between touring Budapest on four wheels or marvelling at the city from the deck of a pleasure boat. Now you don't need to choose: RiverRide is a special sightseeing tour on which you can see the sights of Budapest from a comfortable seat, first along its busy streets, and then, from one second to the next - to the gasps of some of your fellow travellers - you splash into the lapping water of the river. Budapest without the Danube would not be Budapest, and whoever tries it once will never forget the magic of admiring the view while being gently rocked on the rippling waves. But taking everything in from the deck of a luxury coach makes the experience even more special. After the watery adventure, climbing back to the rivershore, you'll find yourself once again in the hustle and bustle of the metropolis. Try out a Tours in Hungary service!